FEED (Front End Engineering Design) is a crucial stage in the engineering process that occurs after the completion of Conceptual Design or Feasibility Study. It serves as the foundation for the subsequent Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC) phase. During FEED, a range of studies and assessments are conducted to address technical issues and provide a rough estimate of the investment cost. This phase typically involves engaging EPC contractors through optional contracts or bidding processes. The output of the FEED process is known as the “FEED Package,” which consists of numerous files and forms the basis for EPC contract bidding.

One of the primary objectives of the FEED phase is to accurately capture the client’s intentions and project-specific requirements. This ensures that potential significant changes are minimized during the subsequent EPC phase. By carefully incorporating the client’s expectations into the FEED Package, the project can maintain alignment and avoid costly modifications or delays later on. This requires effective communication and collaboration between the client and the contractors throughout the FEED process.

The duration of the FEED work can vary depending on the project’s scale and complexity. For large-scale projects such as LNG plants, the FEED phase typically spans around one year. To facilitate efficient communication and collaboration, it is common for the client to station their representatives at the contractor’s office during the execution of the FEED work. This close proximity allows for real-time discussions, prompt decision-making, and the timely resolution of any issues that may arise.

During the FEED phase, various technical aspects are carefully examined. This includes conducting detailed engineering studies, assessing the feasibility of different design options, and addressing any potential challenges or risks. The FEED Package encompasses a wide range of documents, including engineering drawings, specifications, calculations, and other relevant information. These files serve as a comprehensive reference for the subsequent EPC contractors who will bid on the project.

The FEED Package plays a critical role in the overall project execution and success. It provides the necessary information and technical details for the EPC contractors to prepare their bids accurately. By having a well-defined FEED Package, the project owner can attract competitive bids from contractors and select the most suitable partner for the EPC phase.

In summary, the FEED phase is an essential step in the engineering process that bridges the gap between conceptual design and the EPC phase. It involves conducting in-depth technical studies, capturing the client’s requirements, and producing a comprehensive FEED Package. By prioritizing effective communication, maintaining close collaboration, and delivering a robust FEED Package, projects can be set up for success during the subsequent EPC phase.